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2022-08-14
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Xu Kunyuan: establish and improve the balanced development mechanism of raw materials

in recent years, the price and supply of major textile raw materials such as cotton and chemical fiber have fluctuated significantly, causing great difficulties for the production and operation of the textile industry. Therefore, the cotton system needs to be reformed, and we must pay close attention to the reform and speed up the pace of reform

in view of the instability, uncertainty and uncertainty of the textile raw material market, it is necessary to strengthen the research and analysis of textile raw materials. First of all, we should predict and release information scientifically in advance, and strive for the scientificity, predictability and coverage of information; The second is to form an effective price mechanism and regulation mechanism; The last is to form a mechanism of cost adjustment, transmission and rapid response in the industrial chain

since entering the 21st century, with the acceleration of economic globalization, the gradual abolition of textile import and export quotas, and the gradual promotion of textile trade liberalization, China's textile industry has shown a good situation of sustained and rapid development, forming an industrial system from upstream fiber raw material processing to final product manufacturing, and China's fiber processing volume has maintained a sustained and rapid growth trend. The proportion of fiber processing volume in the textile industry in the world rose from 25% in 2000 to about 50% in 2010. However, in recent years, the price and supply of cotton, chemical fiber and other major textile raw materials have fluctuated significantly, causing great difficulties to the production and operation of the textile industry

rich and diverse textile raw materials

since this year, China's textile industry has fallen into difficulties in the complex economic environment at home and abroad. From January to may, the number of physical objects exported decreased by 2.2%, and the domestic sales also fell by 10 percentage points compared with the same period last year. The performance of this experimental machine is much higher than that of the previous experimental machine, with a decrease of 18 percentage points. The downturn of the textile market and the sharp fluctuation of raw material prices have made the healthy, stable and sustainable development of the industry face new contradictions, and also put forward new issues on how to solve them. Textile raw materials are the main production factors of the textile industry. At present, compared with before the reform and opening up, textile raw materials have undergone fundamental changes, which are mainly reflected in the following aspects:

first, from production shortage to supply exceeding demand. Before the 1990s, China's textile raw materials were mainly cotton, but now the proportion of chemical fiber has reached more than 73%, and China's chemical fiber technology and capacity have been rapidly improved. The shortage of raw materials has become a thing of the past

second, the textile raw materials are rich and colorful. The development of multiple varieties of chemical fibers and the natural fibers of cotton, hemp, silk and wool have greatly enriched the textile market, greatly improved and satisfied the consumption level of consumers, and played a good role in promoting textile consumption

third, the complementarity, difference and mutual competitiveness of various fibers coexist at the same time, which promotes the development of various fiber technologies and equipment, as well as the unbalanced and unstable state of various fibers

cotton system reform should take the road of market

the uncertainty and instability of raw material market environment have a serious impact on the industry, which is not only a current problem, but also a long-term problem in the future. Since the beginning of this year, although the market of China's textile industry has been relatively depressed, from January to May this year, the output of yarn has increased by 14%, and the output of chemical fiber has increased by 15%. In contrast to the depression of the market, the main body and dynamometer have been transported to the concrete respectively. The increase in output has also caused great difficulties for cotton and chemical fiber production and management enterprises. According to the latest report released by the International Cotton Advisory Committee icac6 on January 1, the annual cotton inventory is expected to increase for two consecutive years, and it is expected that the inventory will reach 61% of the total consumption in July 2013. In other words, there will be surplus cotton in the next two years. China's national reserve cotton has become a hot potato and an uncertain factor. China's cotton textile industry is also in trouble. Some enterprises have made large losses, so cotton needs reform, and we must pay close attention to the reform and speed up the pace of reform. China's cotton reform must be promoted from three aspects

first, cotton is excluded from the sequence of strategic materials and is no longer included in strategic materials. Our original grain, cotton and oil were used as strategic materials. Now cotton is no longer the main raw material for the textile industry and textile consumer goods

second, we should delegate central management to provinces, cities and autonomous regions, and no longer engage in central unified management. There should be no more restrictions on the central plan, central inventory and central quotas, and these management should be decentralized to provinces, cities and autonomous regions

third, we should shift from the planned system to the track of real market allocation of resources, cancel quotas, and no longer engage in national cotton reserves and national pricing. Specific policies can be adopted for special provinces, such as Xinjiang. We should establish the simplest and uncomplicated management system for cotton. I believe that as long as we change to the way of allocating resources by market, our cotton system can meet the common interests of the whole industrial chain, so as to achieve the economic development and win-win of industry and all links

establish an effective mechanism to coordinate the development of raw materials

the textile industry itself is an industry with fierce market competition and strong timeliness, but our raw materials have not come to this. 1. Hardness (HRR): is it through heat treatment? For textile 1 To test the instability, uncertainty and non permanence of the textile raw material market, I think we should strengthen the research and analysis of textile raw materials from the following aspects to ensure the stability of the raw material market

first of all, it is necessary to predict and release information scientifically in advance, so as to strive for the scientificity, predictability and coverage of information. Secondly, it is necessary to form an effective price mechanism and adjustment mechanism. Finally, it is necessary to form a mechanism of cost adjustment, transmission and rapid response of the industrial chain, which can be linked up and down, reduce market risks, improve the anti risk ability of raw material processing enterprises, and form a price comparison index of various fibers, To coordinate the rational and balanced development of our various fibers

the problem of textile raw materials is not only a very important problem in our industry, but also a basic problem. In the future, we need to carry out in-depth research to deepen and solve these problems from a global perspective, as well as the national policy, industrial system and management system, so as to better solve the problem of raw materials. (Xu Kunyuan, honorary president of China Textile Industry Federation/text)

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